Breast Feeding Linked to Resilience Against Psychosocial Stress in Children
Children who were breast fed manage better with stress and anxiety, such as the divorce of their parents, according to a study published in the August 2006 issue of the Archives of Disease in Childhood. This study goes past the physical advantages of breast feeding and implies that breast feeding can also help a child cope with stress later in their childhood.
The study was carried out by taking a look at information collected at birth and at ages 5 and 10 years for 8958 subjects born in one week in 1970 and living in Great Britain. The researchers questioned the teachers of these children questions and used a scientific approach to look at the children's reactions to stress based on their teachers' observations.
Of the total number of 8958 children, 5672 were not breast fed. The researchers then looked at the total population of those children and documented those whose parents had gotten separated or divorced. They then determined the stress response in those that were initially breast fed against those who weren't breast fed.
The results showed that those children who had been breast fed, and who had gone through the stress of having their parents break-up showed more resilience in that situation. Researchers were able to determine that breast fed children showed a 7% reduction in anxiety over those that were not breast fed.
In that report study author, S. M. Montgomery, MD, of the Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm, Sweden, stated, "The advantages of breast feeding are well identified, and this study indicates that it may be associated with lower levels of anxiety among children who have had the potentially stressful experience of parental divorce," the authors further concluded. "Research into the mediating factors underlying the resilience indicated by breast feeding should focus on exposures and associations related to early rather than prolonged breast feeding."